Noise pollution is an undesired and unpleasant human-created sound that is disturbing, painful and hazardous to human lives, nature, and property.
According to the various surveys and studies conducted, it has been found that transportation vehicles on the road, such as cars, trucks, buses, and motorcycles are the worst offenders.
Because of the increase in exposure to loud noises such as road noise and exceptionally amplified music, the hearing sensitivity of young individuals has been diminishing year by year.
To make situation worse, the loss of hearing is not the only health impact noise pollution has on people. It can further lead to sleeplessness, irritability, heartburn, upset stomach, ulcers, high blood pressure, and heart diseases. Even a burst of noise, for example, a passing truck can create alterations in the endocrine, neurological, and heart functions in many people. If someone is exposed to loud noises for a longer period on a regular basis, then it can lead to physiological disorders.
With the advent of new paving materials, we can now look towards a greener future. Three such paving materials are discussed below:
Lego-Brick Road Made From 100% Recycled Plastic Material
The greenhouse gases emitted by automobiles that are driven on the roads have never been great for the environment, but still, we can’t survive our lives without them.
In order to keep the atmosphere a little greener for our future generations, the civil engineers, Anne Koudstaal and Simon Jorritsma at a Dutch company Infralinq are working on an idea; an idea that is sustainable, quieter, economical, practically maintenance-free, easier and simpler to install and efficiently functionable. The idea is roads made out of recycled plastic that would be dredged from the oceans.
The plastic roads would be created in prefabricated sections of roadway. These roads would be made out of 100% recycled plastic and enable the plastic material to snap together in and out efficiently like huge Lego pieces. These roads would be constructed with hollow spaces in the centre that would permit cables, pipes, and rainwater to run through easily under the surface of the road. This innovation is named as ‘PlasticRoad.’
The plastic roads can hold up hot temperatures up to 170 degrees and cold temperatures up to -40 degrees. These roads can be repaired easily as only the damaged part would require replacement.
A Quiet Asphalt Mix for Your Roads
Quiet pavement is the newest process in decreasing the noise pollution. If the roadway is resurfaced with a mixture of certain asphalt mixes, the traffic noise created on highways gets reduced by 3 to 5 decibels or even more. This technique has reduced the requirement for sound barriers and gives a pleasant and quiet ride for drivers and inhabitants.
Eco-Friendly Rubberized Asphalt
Scrapped tire rubber is a wonder material. When added to an asphalt mix, the rubberized asphalt concrete (RAC) enhances road performance of automobiles, lowers noise pollution by more than 5 decibels and vehicle skidding. This way millions of tires get recycled that otherwise could only be headed to a landfill.
So, resurface your parking lots and driveways with noise-retardant materials and get yourself sound sleep every night and more concentration for work every day.